What is Mucormycosis?
Mucormycosis is a term that refers to any fungal infection caused by various Zygomycetes genera.
Mucormycosis is a disease caused by fungi that are usually found in the soil or atmosphere. It is an acute, quickly progressing, and sometimes fatal disease. These fungal infections are uncommonly diagnosed, but they do occur in individuals who are severely disabled (uncontrolled diabetics, immunocompromised patients) and sometimes in groups of people who have been injured. The disease does not spread from one person to another.
Cause of Mucormycosis
Mucormycosis is caused by a group of fungi known as zygomycetes. The Mucoraceae family’s Rhizopus arrhizus species is the cause of mucormycosis in humans. Mucor species, Cunninghamella Bertholletia, Apophysomyces elegans, Absidia species, Saksenaea species, Rhizomucor pusillus, Entomophthora species, Conidiobolus species, and Basidiobolus species are some of the other fungi that can cause this.
About Black Fungus and White Fungus
What is a black fungus?
It is an infection caused by a group of moulds Mucormycetes. Inhaling fungal spores occurring naturally in India’s atmosphere and soil causes infection. It enters the body through a cut, burns, or other forms of skin trauma. It attacks several parts of the body.
Treatment for Black Fungus
The Black Fungus does not remain stagnant once it has infected a person; it spreads through the nose, attacks the eyes, and then enters the brain. If the infection spreads to the brain, treating the patient becomes difficult, and the patient’s chances of survival are slim. Surgery is one way to remove the contaminated tissues. Some patients lose one or both eyes, as well as the upper lip in some cases. It is important to use steroids wisely and in consultation with a doctor, as well as to keep blood sugar levels under control. Patients can require a four- to six-week intravenous antifungal treatment. The disease is treated with Amphotericin B, a drug. Up to 20 vials of this injection is used to treat the infected person.
What is White Fungus?
White fungus is a fungal infection caused by the candida group of species, which results in the development of whitish membranes or discharge. Candidiasis is a fungal infection that causes white fungus. Use of oxygen cylinders that aren’t sterile or taking too many steroids, may cause this fungal infection. It targets organs such as the lungs, skin, nails, brain, kidneys, and mouth. Young children, like adults, are susceptible to White Fungus infection. If the fungus becomes systemic, it becomes more toxic. The odds of survival are lower if it affects the lungs or blood than if it affects other areas of the body.
The fungus is four times more harmful than the black fungus. It spreads to the lungs and causes damage to several areas of the body. It also has serious consequences for the kidneys, mouth, skin, and brain. The white fungus may affect young children also.
Treatment for White Fungus
Candidiasis is a fungal infection that causes white fungus, results in the development of whitish membranes or discharge. Use of oxygen cylinders that aren’t sterile or taking too many steroids, may cause this fungal infection. It targets organs such as the lungs, skin, nails, brain, kidneys, and mouth. Young children, like adults, are susceptible to White Fungus infection. If the fungus becomes systemic, it becomes more toxic. The odds of survival are lower if it affects the lungs or blood than if it affects other areas of the body.
Who are at risk of fungus infection?
Both White and Black fungus prey on people with low immunity, Covid-19 patients as they have low immunity. People suffering from diabetes, cancer, critical illness or an ICU patient are more prone to black fungus. At the same time, the white fungus attacks people with comorbidities. People with cancer, excess blood sugar are more prone to white fungus.