Molecular biology is the branch of biology that concerns the molecular basis of biological activity in and between cells,
including molecular synthesis, modification, mechanisms, and interactions.
The central dogma of molecular biology describes the process in which DNA is transcribed into RNA, then translated into protein
Molecular biology also plays important role in understanding formations, actions, and regulations of various parts of cells which can be used to efficiently target new drugs, diagnose disease, and understand the physiology of the cell.
Techniques of molecular biology:
- Molecular Cloning
- Gel electrophoresis
- Macromolecule blotting and probing
- Allele-specific oligonucleotide
Molecular biology techniques are common methods used in molecular biology, biochemistry, genetics, and biophysics which generally involve manipulation and analysis of DNA, RNA, protein, and lipid.