What are Platelets?
Platelets are a type of blood component that aids in the formation of clots to stop bleeding in the event of an injury. These cells resemble plates in the inactive stage, while structures with tentacles appear in the active stage. Since platelets play such an important role in the normal functioning of the human body, a low platelet count can never be overlooked. We’ll go into what platelet counts are and how you can boost your platelet count with natural foods in this post.
Platelet Counts: Low, High, and Normal Values
Platelet counts are a method of determining how many platelets are present per microliter of blood. The standard platelet count varies from 1,50,000 to 4,50,000 platelets per microliter of blood.
Thrombocytosis is defined as a platelet count that is higher than this normal range, whereas thrombocytopenia is defined as a platelet count that is lower than this range.
Aplastic anemia, vitamin B-12 deficiency, folate deficiency, iron deficiency, viral infections such as HIV, Epstein-Barr, and chickenpox, chemotherapy, radiation, or toxic substances, excessive alcohol consumption, and cirrhosis are some of the causes of low platelet development.
Thrombocytopenia Symptoms and Treatment
Thrombocytopenia causes sluggish blood clotting, which causes uncontrollable bleeding, bleeding gums and nose, quick swelling and the appearance of petechiae, and longer and heavier menstrual periods in women.
Although medication for platelet normalization is available, it is extremely costly, and the treatment almost always necessitates hospitalization. Therefore, there are several home remedies for increasing blood platelet count, with food being the most efficient.
5 things to consume to naturally raise blood platelets are:
1. Folate-rich foods – Folate is a B vitamin that is important for the health of blood cells. According to a National Institute of Health report, an average adult requires 400 micrograms of folate per day, whereas a pregnant woman requires 600 micrograms per day. The following are some examples of folate-rich foods:-
- Beef liver
- Black-eyed peas
- Fortified cereals and alternatives
- Kidney beans
- Orange and orange juice
2. Foods high in vitamin D – Vitamin D is a necessary nutrient for the proper functioning of the bones, muscles, nerves, and immune system daily. However, vitamin D is an important nutrient that plays a critical role in the function of bone marrow cells, which contain platelets and other blood cells, according to researchers at the Platelet Disorder Support Association.
Though the body can produce Vitamin D on its own, it rarely receives enough sunlight to meet daily requirements, and as a result, the demand for this essential vitamin increases, especially in the northern and polar regions of the globe.
Adults between the ages of 18 and 70 need a minimum of 15 micrograms of Vitamin D per day to work properly, and the majority of these requirements are met by eating foods that contain Vitamin D. The following are some of these resources:-
- The yolk from an egg
- Salmon, tuna, and mackerel
- Fish liver oil is a type of omega-3 fatty acid
- Yogurt and fortified milk
If you’re a vegetarian, the following foods will help you get these essential nutrients:
- Breakfast cereals with added vitamins and minerals
- Soy milk and soy yogurt are dairy alternatives.
- mushrooms that have been exposed to the sun
3. Foods High in Vitamin K – Vitamin K is an essential nutrient for those with low platelet counts because it helps with blood clotting and bone protection. According to a new survey conducted by the PDSA (Platelet Disorder Support Association), about 27% of people who took Vitamin K saw an increase in platelet counts and bleeding symptoms. Therefore, vitamin K requirements for adults over the age of 19 are 120 micrograms for men and 90 micrograms for women. The following are some vitamin K-rich foods that will help you increase your daily intake:-
- Spinach, collards, and turnip
- Broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage
- Soybeans and soybean oil
- Meats, fish, liver, eggs, and cereals
4. Iron-fortified foods – In addition, iron is an essential nutrient for red blood cells and platelets to function properly. According to research conducted in the field of anemia in children, iron can have a positive effect on platelet count. According to the National Institute of Health (NIH), males over 18 and females over 50 need 8 milligrams of iron per day, while females aged 18 to 50 need 18 milligrams and pregnant women need 27 milligrams.
Some examples of iron-rich foods include:-
- Beef liver
- White beans and kidney beans
- Dark chocolate
5. Foods high in Vitamin B-12 – Vitamin B-12 is needed for the development of red blood cells, and low levels of the vitamin have been linked to low platelet counts. As a result, the National Institute of Health conducted research and determined that people over the age of 14 need 2.4 micrograms of vitamin B12, while pregnant and breastfeeding women need 2.8 micrograms.
Vitamin B12 can be found in a variety of animal sources, including:
- Beef and beef liver
- Fish such as Tuna, Clams, Trout and Salmons
- Dairy alternatives such as almond milk and soy milk
Therefore, platelets are vital to blood cells that prevent excessive blood loss and defend against the resulting illnesses. It protects against not only excessive bleeding and blood loss but also serious infections like Dengue fever. In addition, it is only recommended to manage low platelet counts in preventable stages by eating vitamin-rich foods like the one described above.