Almost everyone has experienced muscle soreness at some point in their lives. Muscle pain usually disappears after a few days or weeks. However, in other circumstances, the discomfort continues and worsens. In addition, myofascial pain syndrome is a chronic pain condition caused by pressure on sensitive spots in your muscles (trigger points), which can induce pain in other parts of your body.
About Myofascial Pain Syndrome
Myofascial Pain Syndrome (MPS) is a type of chronic pain that affects the muscles. Therefore, chronic muscle discomfort is known as myofascial pain syndrome. Fascia, the connective tissue that covers muscles, is affected.
Myofascial pain syndrome can cause discomfort in a single muscle or a group of muscles. This can result in muscular repetition or even stress-related muscle tension.
Symptoms of myofascial pain syndrome
A person with myofascial pain syndrome may experience the following signs and symptoms:
- Muscle aches
- Deep pain in muscles
- Worsening pain when affected muscle is strained or stretched
- Tender and painful knots in the muscle
- Difficulty in sleeping with the pain
- Weak, inflexible, and stiff muscles
- Muscle pain that worsens and does not improve with time
- Limited range of motion of muscles
- Mood swings
- Sleep and behavioural disturbances
Causes myofascial pain syndrome
However, myofascial pain syndrome is caused by excessive tension or muscle damage in a muscle or muscle group. Therefore, such injuries can result in trigger points, which are sensitive sites of tight muscle fibre where the myofascial pain condition originates.
In addition, myofascial pain syndrome can cause a variety of complications, including:
- Problems with sleep
- Myofascial pain condition can progress to fibromyalgia in certain patients. Individuals with fibromyalgia’s brains become increasingly sensitive to pain signals over time
Medication, physical therapy, and trigger point injection are all treatments for treating myofascial pain syndrome. However, along with any treatment, exercise or physical therapy is one of the most important aspects that can help improve the disease. To determine the best treatment option, talk to your doctor about your treatment options and your preferences.
- Medications – For example, if you have muscle discomfort, your doctor may provide pain medications, sedatives, or antidepressants. When the condition is not serious, this is the best option.
- Physical therapy – A physical therapist will create a treatment plan for you depending on your symptoms. Physical therapy for myofascial pain syndrome usually includes the following:
- Posture training
- Ultrasound therapy
Trigger point injection
Many people can benefit from dry needling in addition to numbing drugs. When a doctor uses dry needling, he or she injects a dry substance into trigger sites. It alleviates muscle tightness. Acupuncture is another treatment option for myofascial pain syndrome.