MedicalLeptospirosis

May 12, 2021by admin0
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What is Leptospirosis?

Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection, is uncommon in some parts of the world but widespread in others, such as India. Humans and animals are also affected by the disease caused by bacteria from the genus Leptospira. Although certain animals are infected and show symptoms, the majority of the time these animals are carriers and show no symptoms. In the vast majority of cases, the illness is not fatal. 

Symptoms

  • High fever 

  • Headache

  • Chills

  • Severe muscle ache

  • Vomiting

  • Jaundice

  • Skin rash

  • Redness in the eyes

  • Diarrhoea

Causes

The bacterium Leptospira interorgan causes leptospirosis. Many animals carry this bacterium in their livers or kidneys, and it enters the soil through their urine. The bacteria can survive for months in the soil. Bees, rodents, rats, goats, cows, pigs, and buffaloes are among the species that bear this bacteria. Leptospirosis is more common in tropical climates, but it also shows more prevalent in urban areas with poor sanitation.

Transmission

The urine of animals carrying the Leptospira bacteria in their liver and kidneys, spreads Leptospirosis. When rodents and other cattle carrying the bacteria urinate, Leptospira are released into the soil, and they can remain there for months. When humans come into contact with the infected soil, results in leptospirosis. Other common modes of leptospirosis transmission are:

  • Contaminated water use

  • Wounds or cuts exposed to polluted water or soil

  • Contact of hands, eyes, mouth, or nose with polluted water or soil

  • Coming into contact with the virus-infected blood of an animal (rare)

Leptospira bacteria are rarely transmitted between humans, but it is typically through sexual contact or breastfeeding when it does.

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