What is Hypertension?
Increased blood pressure is known as hypertension. It is the most common disease nowadays. In this condition, the speed of blood flowing through the arteries is higher than normal. If your blood pressure is consistently higher than 140/90, it means you are suffering from hypertension. If your blood pressure exceeds 180/120, you may need to be hospitalized
Risk factors for Hypertension:
1. Age: There is a danger of increasing blood pressure due to loss of flexibility of your blood vessels and hormonal changes in old age.
2. Gender: Men are more likely to suffer from hypertension by the age of 45 than women. Also in women who have experienced menopause, this vulnerability remains as oestrogen’s protective effects decline.
3. Genetic: Family history also plays an important role in increasing your chances of suffering from high blood pressure.
Causes of Hypertension:
- Obesity: The heavier your weight, the more blood will have to be pumped into your heart to supply oxygen and nutrients. More strain is exerted on the walls of the arteries by increasing the quantity of blood.
- Decreased physical activity: When you are very less physically active, your heart and pulse rate is high. Because of this, your heart has to work harder during the beating process, thus increasing the pressure on your arteries. In addition, the risk of weight gain also increases due to lack of physical activity.
- Consuming tobacco and smoking: For a time, the blood pressure rises when you eat tobacco and smoke. The compound used in cigarettes, though, makes your arteries thick and hard from doing this for a long time, which makes it impossible for blood to circulate.
- Alcohol: High-calorie alcohol increases the amount of lipid in your bloodstream, which gets collected in the arteries. As a result, it takes more time to inject blood into the veins. Along with this, you feel the urge to eat fried crispy stuff while drinking wine and don’t even feel like exercising, which worsens the situation.
- Bad diet: Eating fewer vegetables and fruits and using canned, junk food more often leads to complaints of increased sodium levels and low potassium levels. Due to this imbalance in electrolytes, there is a problem of water gathering and increasing the amount of blood.
These reasons are also responsible for hypertension:
- Kidney disease
Symptoms of Hypertension
- Visual impairment
- Trouble breathing
- Irregular heartbeat
- Pimples in the chest, neck or ears
- Chest pain
- Hemorrhage (runny nose)
- The extra pressure on the walls of your artery due to hypertension damages your blood vessels as well as your organs.
- Many of the long-lasting elevated blood pressure results in:
- Heart attack or stroke
- Heart failure
- Renal failure
Treatment of Hypertension
The most common medications prescribed for the disease include:
- Decrease your weight
- Avoid alcohol
- Quit smoking
- Exercising for 30 minutes five times a week
- Eating fruits and vegetables five times daily
- Reduce the consumption of foods that are low in fat and contain salts, such as cheese, pickles, ketchup and papad.
- Reducing the use of fried foods, desserts and junk food