MedicalHow to reduce acne and pimples

May 13, 2021by admin0

What is Acne?

Acne vulgaris is a skin condition that occurs when hair follicles are blocked with dead skin cells, bacteria, and oil (sebum). The blocked follicles cause blemishes on the skin, including pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and cysts. Also known as common acne, one of its main causes is hormones, especially around puberty.

Acne vulgaris is estimated to affect about 50 million people in the U.S. About 85% of teenagers are affected by acne, but it can occur in any age group with many cases persisting into adulthood.


Most acne occurs on the face, chest, back, and shoulders. Symptoms can be mild, moderate, or severe.

If you have mild acne, you probably have less than 20 blackheads or whiteheads. Whiteheads are small flesh-colored or whitish blemishes, while blackheads have a dark center. You might also develop pimples, which are round, inflamed whiteheads on the skin.2

If you have moderate acne, you’ll have a larger number of blackheads, whiteheads, and pimples.

Severe acne may include widespread blemishes with nodules or cysts, which are larger and more solid than pimples. Nodules and cysts tend to be more painful than pimples.


Acne vulgaris is caused by a combination of hormones, oil, and bacteria. During puberty, a hormone called androgen increases and the sebaceous glands produce more of the oily substance sebum. Typically, sebum and dead skin cells come up through the hair follicles and out through the pores in the skin. When sebum, skins cells, and bacteria clog the follicles, the sebum can’t escape through the pores, which causes acne.

  • As you enter early adulthood, those hormones may decrease enough that acne will start to disappear. For about 40% of women, acne may continue into their 40s because of hormonal changes and other causes, including: Hormonal changes in pregnancy or from the menstrual cycle
  • Some medications
  • Certain cosmetics and lotions
  • High humidity and sweating
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Foods That Cause Acne

Before getting to the list, you must understand that food is not directly responsible for acne. Only if you have acne-prone and excessively oily skin, or poor gut health and lack of a proper cleansing routine, the following foods can cause a reaction. [1]

  • Sugar
  • Dairy products
  • Fast food
  • Chocolate
  • Greasy food
  • Whey protein powder
  • Refined grains
  • Foods rich in omega-6 fats
  • Lean meat and animal protein

What Foods Help To Keep Acne At Bay?

Just as there are foods to be avoided to prevent acne, there are some you can eat to ensure you have clear skin! Foods with a lower glycemic index like complex carbohydrates and certain other items in the food chain can minimize the appearance of acne. Some of these are:

  • Complex carbohydrates
  • Vitamin A,D,E
  • Probiotics
  • Turmeric
  • Zinc

Home remedies

If you want to get rid of the pimples, then try these home remedies. Often, due to changing weather, pimples come out on the face. Stains and stubborn pimples that appear on the face, along with spoiling beauty, also work to reduce your confidence. Pimples can come out on the face anytime.

The person has a lot of trouble while the pimples are coming out. Which later appear as white, black and burning red spots on the face. The problem of pimples is more for those with oily skin. Because oily skin glands release more oil. In such a situation, today we are going to tell you some tips with the help of which you can get rid of pimples on your face.

  • Apply Apple Cider Vinegar
    •  Mix 1 part apple cider vinegar and 3 parts water (use more water for sensitive skin).
    • After cleansing, gently apply the mixture to the skin using a cotton ball.
    • Let sit for 5–20 seconds, rinse with water and pat dry.
    • Repeat this process 1–2 times per day, as needed.
  • Take a zinc supplements
    • The recommended safe upper limit of zinc is 40 mg per day, so it’s probably best to not exceed that amount unless you’re under the supervision of a medical doctor.
  • Make a honey and cinnamon mask
    • Mix 2 tablespoons of honey and 1 teaspoon of cinnamon to form a paste.
    • After cleansing, apply the mask to your face and leave it on for 10–15 minutes.
    • Rinse the mask off completely and pat your face dry.
  • Apply green tea to your skin
    • Steep green tea in boiling water for 3–4 minutes.
    • Allow the tea to cool.
    • Using a cotton ball, apply the tea to your skin or pour it into a spray bottle to spritz it on.
    • Allow it to dry, then rinse it off with water and pat your skin dry.
  • Take a fish oil supplement
  • Reduce stress
  • Exercise regularly

When to seek medical advice

If you have mild acne, speak to a pharmacist about medicines to treat it.

If these do not control your acne, or it’s making you feel very unhappy, see a General Physician (GP).

You should see a GP if you have moderate or severe acne or you develop nodules or cysts, as they need to be treated properly to avoid scarring.

Try to resist the temptation to pick or squeeze the spots, as this can lead to permanent scarring.

Treatments can take up to 3 months to work, so do not expect results overnight. Once they do start to work, the results are usually good.


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