What is Fatty Liver?
Fatty liver, also known as hepatic steatosis. It is a medical disorder characterised by the accumulation of excess fat in the liver cells. This disorder can induce inflammation in the liver, which can damage it and produce scarring, which can lead to liver failure. Excess sugar consumption, insulin resistance, obesity, and heredity are all factors that contribute to the development of a fatty liver. Therefore, Liver Function Test is performed to diagnose Fatty Liver Disease.
Fatty Liver Disease Stages
Fatty liver disease can be classified into several stages, including:
- Stage 1 (simple fatty liver) – This is a stage in which fat deposits in the liver cells are essentially innocuous. But not to the point where symptoms arise.
- Stage 2(Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis or NASH) – This is a stage in which occurs when the liver is damaged and inflamed. Obese or diabetic folks are more likely to experience it.
- Stage 3 (Fibrosis) – Scar tissue forms around the liver and adjacent blood vessels as a result of continuous inflammation. The liver, on the other hand, continues to operate normally.
- Stage 4 (Cirrhosis) – This occurs when fibrosis replaces normal liver tissues to the point where the liver’s structure and function are compromised. It can potentially lead to cancer and liver failure.
There are a number of reasons why someone may acquire Fatty Liver Disease. As an example:
- Malnutrition – It can cause mitochondrial alterations, which can contribute to NAFLD.
- Obesity – Excessive eating can lead to inflammation, which can wreak havoc on liver function. Non-Alcoholic Fatty
- Liver Disease – It affects the majority of obese persons.
- Pre-diabetes – People with pre-diabetes will accumulate more fat in their liver than those who do not.
Signs and Symptoms
The majority of people are unaware that they have a fatty liver until the symptoms get more severe. Here are some of the most prevalent Fatty Liver Disease indications and symptoms to look out for:
- General fatigue and a sensation of fullness on the right side or in the centre of the abdomen
- Under the skin, there are visible, enlarged blood vessels and a bloated belly.
- The skin and eyes have a yellow hue to them.
- Increased levels of liver enzymes
- feeling of vomiting
- Abdominal pain that is moderate to severe
- Loss of appetite
However, the fatty liver is currently the subject of extensive investigation in the medical field. Various drugs, according to scientists, can help minimize liver inflammation. Metformin, rosiglitazone, and betaine are among them. Therefore, you should visit a doctor for a more complete understanding of the Treatment and Diet Chart for Fatty Liver Disease. And, if you want to get a test to see if you have fatty liver disease, you should contact the best diagnostic center in your city.