Diabetes is a very common and dangerous disease. One out of every five people in India have diabetes.
Here’s the reason for it:
Diabetes is a disease in which the amount of glucose in the patient’s blood (blood sugar level) exceeds the requirement. This can happen due to two reasons: either your body is not producing sufficient amount of insulin or your cells. Insulin is a hormone that controls the metabolism of carbohydrate and fat in our body. Metabolism refers to the process by which the body digests food to get energy and development.
The food that we eat is converted into energy which is called glucose. Now the work is to deliver this energy / glucose into millions of cells present in our body, and this work is possible only when our pancreas (pancreas) produce insulin in sufficient quantity. Glucose cannot enter cells without insulin. And then our cells burn the glucose and energize the body. When this process is not done normally then the person suffers from diabetes.
In a normal healthy person, the level of glucose in the blood before eating is 70 – 100 mg/dl. This level becomes 120 – 140 mg/dl after eating and then gradually decreases. However, in diabetes, this level cannot be normalized and in extreme cases, even than 500 mg/dl drops.
Types of diabetes
- Type 1 diabetes: This happens when your body stops making insulin. In such a situation, the patient has to give insulin from outside. It is also called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM.
- Type 2 diabetes: This happens when your cells do not react to the insulin being produced. It is also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM.
Gestational diabetes: It happens to women who are pregnant and have never had diabetes before. During this pregnancy, the amount of glucose in the blood (blood sugar level) is more than required, which is when pregnant women, who have never had diabetes before, have a high blood glucose level during pregnancy. It may precede development of type 2 DM.
What foods to reduce in diabetes:
Salt, meat, fish, poultry, alcohol, tea, coffee, honey, coconut, other nuts, unsweetened juice, seafood, etc.
What foods to eat in diabetes:
Drink plenty of water, grapes, pomegranate juice, Indian blackberries, bananas, apples, figs, black berries, kiwi fruit, citrus, fruits, cucumber, lettuce, onion, garlic, radish, tomatoes, carrots, leaves, spinach turnip, cabbage And colorful vegetables, unripe fruit juices, raw bananas, raw peanuts, tomatoes, bananas, melons, dried peas, potatoes, apple cider vinegar, skimmed milk powder, wheat, oatmeal, almonds, peas, grains, chickpeas, Bengal gram, black Gram, lentils, corn, soya bean sprouts, bread, wheat bran, whole grain bread, whey, yogurt, etc.
Precautions to avoid diabetes:
- Cut Sugar and Refined Carbs from your diet
- Drink water as your Primary beverage
- Keep your body fit, maintain weight and workout regularly
- Minimize your intake of processed foods
- Consider taking these natural herbs
- Quit Smoking