What is Depression?
Depression symptoms is a state of melancholy and hopelessness that impairs one’s quality of life. Anger, antagonism, poor attention, and loss of interest in daily activities characterize the patients. Depression progresses via five stages. Let’s find out more about it.
Depressive thoughts and feelings of poor self-esteem are quite normal. However, if a person has been feeling down for a long time, he or she may be suffering from depression. Depression distorts your thought process and disrupts your regular activities such as eating, sleeping, working, and studying. Depression and anxiety are frequently found together. Untreated mental depression can lead to the development of a number of disorders. Women are more likely than men to suffer from depression. Depression is a chronic disorder with symptoms that can endure for at least 14 days. Chronic depression can last for several months or even years.
Stages of Depression
There are five stages of depression. They are as follows:
- Denial: It is the first stage of depression. At this point, the patient is in denial. Despite the fact that patients are experiencing some of the symptoms, many are not ready to acknowledge their illness. They are in a state of disbelief and are refusing to accept the facts.
- Anger: Patients may become enraged as they consider what happened to them. They are irritated since there is no way out of this situation. The patients are filled with anger, discontent, and annoyance.
- Bargaining: At this point, patients begin negotiating with their disease. They attempt to transform the negative thoughts brought on by depression into positive consequences. This, however, rarely benefits the patients.
- Depression: At this point, a lot of bad feelings, pessimism, and demotivation begin to accumulate, leading to deeper depression.
- Acceptance is the final stage. During this stage, patients recognize that they are depressed and consider seeking help from a healthcare expert.
Types of Depression
- Major depression: In this type of depression, the patient is always depressed, unhappy, and hopeless. Patients may lose interest in activities that were once pleasurable to them.
- Persistent depressive disorder: Patients with this kind of depression have symptoms for at least two years. The patient has a major depression on sometimes and milder symptoms on other occasions.
- Psychotic depression: This type of patient has both depression and psychosis. During psychosis, the patient has hallucinations and incorrect beliefs.
- Bipolar disorder: This is characterized by depression as a prevalent symptom. Patients with bipolar illness, on the other hand, experience high energy periods
Symptoms of Depression
Some of the symptoms of depression are:
- Persistent feeling of hopelessness, sadness, and helplessness
- Changes in sleep pattern
- Hostility, arrogance, and anger
- Loss of appetite and change in weight
- Loss of interest in activities that were pleasurable in the past
- Problem in concentration
- Unexplained stomach ache, aching muscles, headaches, and back pain
Causes of Depression
There is no clear understanding of what causes depression. Some circumstances, however, enhance the likelihood of developing depression. They are as follows:
- Isolation and loneliness
- Chronic disease
- Symptoms for neurological diseases, such as bipolar disorder
- Recent stressful event
- Relationship problems
- Financial problems
- Drug abuse
- Family history of depression
- Childhood trauma
Treatment of Depression
- Medications: The doctor may prescribe antidepressant medications to help with symptom relief. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), tricyclic and atypical antidepressants, selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are among the medications (SSRIs),
- Exercise can help with mild depression by activating the neurotransmitter norepinephrine.
- Therapies: The doctor may also urge patients to participate in various therapies. Psychotherapy, such as cognitive-behavioral treatment, and brain-stimulating therapy, are examples of these.