What are superbugs?
The superbug is a bacterium that makes resistance to certain antibiotics and that makes it harder to treat. Hospitals are the hot spots for superbug infection and amplify their spread. Everybody has bacteria on their bodies, in their bodies and in their guts. When you take antibiotic, it kills some of the bacteria in our body. As bacteria circulate, they can become resistant for many antibiotics then you have got dangerous superbug infection.
Antibiotic resistance is a natural process but there might be a way to slow down the development of resistance.
How to tackle antibiotic resistance?
You can tackle antibiotic resistance by following the given points:
- Don’t push yourself for antibiotics, only use antibiotics when necessary
- Use the shortest effective treatment
- Don’t use antibiotics for viral infections
- Use antibiotic cream sparingly.
How to protect from harmful germs?
To protect yourself from harmful germs and lower the risk of illnesses:
- Use an alcohol based sanitizer
- Frequently wash your hands with water and good quality soap
- Avoid close contact with ill person
- Try to eat fresh food
- Wash vegetables properly with water before cooking
Currently, antibiotic-resistant bacteria cause 700,000 deaths worldwide each year,
and a UK government review on antimicrobial resistance predicted this number could increase to 10 million by 2050.
Examples of superbug :
|1st Priority (Critical)||2nd Priority (High)||3rd Priority (Medium)|
|Acinetobacter Baumammii||Helicobacter Pylori||Streptococus Pneumoniae|
|Pseudomonas Aeruginosa||Salmonellae||Haemophilus influenza|
|Enterobacteriaceae||Enterococcus Faecium||Shigella SPP|
Researchers in India have found clear evidence of Candida Auris, a “superbug” that can lead to the next deadly pandemic. Read on to know how it spreads and what are the symptoms
What are the Symptoms?
The infections caused by this “superbug” can show “no symptoms before turning into a fever and chills”. These symptoms won’t go away despite the use of medicines and can lead to death.
Candida Auris survives on the skin before entering the body through wounds. Once in the bloodstream, it causes severe illness and can lead to sepsis — a condition that kills up to 11 million people a year globally, the World Health Organization said.
The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the American health body, said the microbe can cause serious bloodstream infections, especially in patients who require catheters, feeding tubes or breathing tubes.
“This infection can be difficult to treat because the microbe is often resistant to multiple antifungal drugs; and it can also linger on environmental surfaces,” Live Science reported.
What causes the spread?
How this Candida Auris spreads is still a mystery to scientists.
However, researchers have previously hypothesized that increased temperatures due to climate change may have caused Candida Auris to adapt to higher temperatures in the wild, and thus allowed the fungus to make the jump to humans, whose normal body temperature is typically too hot for most fungi to survive.
The infection has reached all corners of the world where it is “spreading like wildfire”, suggesting that it does spread via human contact.