According to a recent WHO report, osteoporosis is the second most influential disease in the world after heart disease.
A lot is changing around us in the changing times. According to our lifestyle, eating habits and age, our body also needs…. From childhood to puberty, the body is full of energy, but with aging, this energy starts to decrease and the process of troubles increases after forty. Conditions in women are slightly more complex. One such disease of old age is osteoporosis. According to a recent WHO report after heart disease
Osteoporosis is the second most affecting disease in the world. This disease is more in women than men.
What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is also called hollow bone disease. A disease in which the strength and density of bones decrease. Osteoporosis is a disease in which bone mass (density) decreases due to lack of calcium and vitamin D and the bones become brittle.
Actually, our bones are made up of many types of minerals besides calcium, phosphorus and protein. These nutrients begin to decrease with increasing age, pulsation and changing lifestyles, which causes the bones to become so weak that even a small injury becomes a cause of fracture. Fractures occur mostly in the hip, wrist or spine.
Women are more prone to this disease
Osteoporosis affects women after the age of forty. Worldwide, 1 in 3 women and 1 in 8 men suffer from this disease.
The main cause
Menopause is a major reason for the prevalence of this disease in women. There are some hormones in the body of women, which keep them away from this disease, but when these hormones start to decrease in old age, the risk of disease also increases. Apart from this, some experts also consider breastfeeding as the reason. After getting a mother, women breastfeed their babies, which causes a lack of calcium in their body.
Many times, due to not paying attention to the food and drink, the lack of that can not be replenished, which leads to problems later. According to WHO research, the likelihood of hip fracture in women remains as high as breast cancer, uterus cancer and ovarian cancer.
The risk of the disease increases around 45 to 50 years in women and 55 years in men. This problem is more common in women after menopause than oestrogen hormone deficiency. This hormone protects women from bones as well as heart problems. However, at times, the bones start to weaken quickly due to the end of periods or the disbalance of another hormone.
If you are in your 40s and complain of fracture on back pain, body ache or mild injury, then go for a bone density test (BDT). This is called DEXA scan. DEXA stands for Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry. Such scans are also called DEXA scans. Only if pain is a common problem, then the test should be done with the advice of a specialist. Not every pain is of osteoporosis or arthritis, but future problems can be avoided with the test.
There are many reasons for getting osteoporosis, but the most troubles are those that are less physically active. Apart from this, these reasons can also be:
- Vitamin-D deficiency
- Genetic factor
- Protein, calcium in the body
- Growing age
- Too soft for children
- Diabetes, thyroid diseases
- Medications (seizure medications, steroids etc.)
In the treatment of osteoporosis both medical and non-medical aspects are taken care of.
Medicine includes injections and surgeries, while non-medical focuses on a diet that is rich in bones, protein, and calcium.
Diet to be taken
Take a diet rich in protein and calcium. Include fish, soybeans, sprouts, pulses, maize and beans etc. for protein. For calcium, eat more milk and milk products like cheese, curd.