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According to a recent WHO report, osteoporosis is the second most influential disease in the world after heart disease.

A lot is changing around us in the changing times. According to our lifestyle, eating habits and age, our body also needs…. From childhood to puberty, the body is full of energy, but with aging, this energy starts to decrease and the process of troubles increases after forty. Conditions in women are slightly more complex. One such disease of old age is osteoporosis. According to a recent WHO report after heart disease

Osteoporosis is the second most affecting disease in the world. This disease is more in women than men.

What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is also called hollow bone disease. A disease in which the strength and density of bones decrease. Osteoporosis is a disease in which bone mass (density) decreases due to lack of calcium and vitamin D and the bones become brittle.

Actually, our bones are made up of many types of minerals besides calcium, phosphorus and protein. These nutrients begin to decrease with increasing age, pulsation and changing lifestyles, which causes the bones to become so weak that even a small injury becomes a cause of fracture. Fractures occur mostly in the hip, wrist or spine.

Women are more prone to this disease

Osteoporosis affects women after the age of forty. Worldwide, 1 in 3 women and 1 in 8 men suffer from this disease.

The main cause

Menopause is a major reason for the prevalence of this disease in women. There are some hormones in the body of women, which keep them away from this disease, but when these hormones start to decrease in old age, the risk of disease also increases. Apart from this, some experts also consider breastfeeding as the reason. After getting a mother, women breastfeed their babies, which causes a lack of calcium in their body.

Many times, due to not paying attention to the food and drink, the lack of that can not be replenished, which leads to problems later. According to WHO research, the likelihood of hip fracture in women remains as high as breast cancer, uterus cancer and ovarian cancer.

The risk of the disease increases around 45 to 50 years in women and 55 years in men. This problem is more common in women after menopause than oestrogen hormone deficiency. This hormone protects women from bones as well as heart problems. However, at times, the bones start to weaken quickly due to the end of periods or the disbalance of another hormone.

If you are in your 40s and complain of fracture on back pain, body ache or mild injury, then go for a bone density test (BDT). This is called DEXA scan. DEXA stands for Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry. Such scans are also called DEXA scans. Only if pain is a common problem, then the test should be done with the advice of a specialist. Not every pain is of osteoporosis or arthritis, but future problems can be avoided with the test.

Other Reasons

There are many reasons for getting osteoporosis, but the most troubles are those that are less physically active. Apart from this, these reasons can also be:

  •   Vitamin-D deficiency
  • Genetic factor
  • Protein, calcium in the body
  • Growing age
  • Too soft for children
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes, thyroid diseases
  • Medications (seizure medications, steroids etc.)

Treatment

In the treatment of osteoporosis both medical and non-medical aspects are taken care of.

Medicine includes     injections and surgeries, while non-medical focuses on a diet that is rich in bones, protein, and calcium.

Diet to be taken

Take a diet rich in protein and calcium. Include fish, soybeans, sprouts, pulses, maize and beans etc. for protein. For calcium, eat more milk and milk products like cheese, curd.

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What are superbugs?

The superbug is a bacterium that makes resistance to certain antibiotics and that makes it harder to treat. Hospitals are the hot spots for superbug infection and amplify their spread. Everybody has bacteria on their bodies, in their bodies and in their guts. When you take antibiotic, it kills some of the bacteria in our body. As bacteria circulate, they can become resistant for many antibiotics then you have got dangerous superbug infection.
Antibiotic resistance is a natural process but there might be a way to slow down the development of resistance.

How to tackle antibiotic resistance?

You can tackle antibiotic resistance by following the given points:

  • Don’t push yourself for antibiotics, only use antibiotics when necessary
  • Use the shortest effective treatment
  •  Don’t use antibiotics for viral infections
  • Use antibiotic cream sparingly.

How to protect from harmful germs?

To protect yourself from harmful germs and lower the risk of illnesses:

  • Use an alcohol based sanitizer
  •  Frequently wash your hands with water and good quality soap
  •  Avoid close contact with ill person
  •  Try to eat fresh food
  •  Wash vegetables properly with water before cooking

Currently, antibiotic-resistant bacteria cause 700,000 deaths worldwide each year,
 and a UK government review on antimicrobial resistance predicted this number could increase to 10 million by 2050.

Examples of superbug :

1st Priority (Critical)2nd Priority (High)3rd Priority (Medium)
Acinetobacter BaumammiiHelicobacter PyloriStreptococus Pneumoniae
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa SalmonellaeHaemophilus influenza 
EnterobacteriaceaeEnterococcus FaeciumShigella SPP

 

Researchers in India have found clear evidence of Candida Auris, a “superbug” that can lead to the next deadly pandemic. Read on to know how it spreads and what are the symptoms

 

What are the Symptoms?

The infections caused by this “superbug” can show “no symptoms before turning into a fever and chills”. These symptoms won’t go away despite the use of medicines and can lead to death.

Candida Auris survives on the skin before entering the body through wounds. Once in the bloodstream, it causes severe illness and can lead to sepsis — a condition that kills up to 11 million people a year globally, the World Health Organization said.

The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the American health body, said the microbe can cause serious bloodstream infections, especially in patients who require catheters, feeding tubes or breathing tubes.

“This infection can be difficult to treat because the microbe is often resistant to multiple antifungal drugs; and it can also linger on environmental surfaces,” Live Science reported.

What causes the spread?

How this Candida Auris spreads is still a mystery to scientists.

However, researchers have previously hypothesized that increased temperatures due to climate change may have caused Candida Auris to adapt to higher temperatures in the wild, and thus allowed the fungus to make the jump to humans, whose normal body temperature is typically too hot for most fungi to survive.

The infection has reached all corners of the world where it is “spreading like wildfire”, suggesting that it does spread via human contact.

 

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